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PIGMENTATION


Skin cells give your skin color by making a substance called melanin. Skin melanin disorders affect the color of your skin. UV exposure, hormones , skin damage and congenital causes skin overloading excess melanin or pigmentation. These excess melanin or pigmentation can appear as an uneven skin tone, dark spots or patches on face, arms , legs, chest, back and hands.

Skin pigmentation can be categorized into:

1. Epidermal (superficial) pigmentation - this type of pigmentation is usually close to the surface of the skin and is induced by sun exposure (examples: sun spots, freckles, Brown birthmarks)

2. Dermal (deep) pigmentation - this type of pigmentation is usually found in the dermal layers (example: Naevus of ota)

3. Mixed dermal/epidermal pigmentation - This type of pigmentation traverse through both the superficial and deeper layers of the skin(example: Melasma)

Causes:

1. Inflammation Caused by Sunlight:

We all know that sunlight makes our skin darker. But tanning might not leave you with a uniformly tanned skin. For many, tanning can lead to hyperpigmentation.If your skin is exposed to the sun for prolonged periods of time, the melanocytes might remain permanently active and we see that inflammation caused by sunlight exposure is the main cause behind melanin production in our skin.

2. Skin Damage:

Anything from a cut to a pimple can damage your skin, leading to excess melanin production. When the skin pigments cannot be regenerated, darker pigments get generated over the damaged area. Any kind of skin disease like eczema can also be a factor behind hyperpigmentation.

3. Allergic Reactions:

When you experience any kind of allergic reaction, your skin might have an inflammatory reaction, resulting in hyperpigmentation.

4. Medication:

There are many medicines, which might show hyperpigmentation as a side effect. Again, we see that the medication might cause hormonal changes in our bodies, which results in Hyperpigmentation.

5. Improper Hair Removal:

Facial hair removal might lead to hyperpigmentation. But, you do not have to worry about hyperpigmentation, whenever you need to get rid of facial hair.Threading or even shaving does not cause hyperpigmentation. When you remove the hair from the root or expose the root to harsh chemicals, chances are that it will cause an inflammatory response.

6. Hormonal Change:

The rise in estrogen and progesterone levels generally caused by pregnancy or birth control pills can be one of the causes of hyperpigmentation. The hormonal changes can result in a boost in melanin production. This condition, where melanin production is boosted by estrogen or progesterone, is known as melasma. For many, the hyperpigmentation can disappear post pregnancy, but it might not bethe    case for others.

7. Genetic:

If there is someone in your family, who suffers from severe hyperpigmentation, there are chances of you acquiring the skin condition. If you are genetically more inclined to have hyperpigmentation, then even the slightest allergic reaction, sun exposure, hormonal change or skin damage can cause hyperpigmentation.

Treatment:-

Swastik Clinic offers a range of safe and effective treatments:

1. IPL - Targets an effected pigmentation area

2. Diamond Microdermabrasion - 'Polishes' and refreshes the rough dead skin.

3. Lightening Cream - Can be used in conjunction with above treatment to help reduce skin pigmentation by inhibiting enzymes that produce melanin, also increasing the turnover of the skin to flush out existing pigmentation.

Precaution to be taken for Pigmentation:-

To avoid further hyperpigmentation, wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor of 30 or higher. This is your best defense to protect your skin from the ultraviolet rays that will stimulate it to produce more pigment.

MELASMA

It is an acquired patchy tan brown or blue-gray skin discoloration seen on the face and generally common among women in their
reproductive years. Though also possible in males, it is seldom seen in them

Symtoms of Melasma

Melasma causes patches of discoloration. The patches are darker than your typical skin color. It typically occurs on the face and is symmetrical, with matching marks on both sides of your face. Other areas of your body that are often exposed to sun can also develop melasma.

Brownish colored patches usually appear on the:

1. cheeks

2. forehead

3. bridge of the nose

4. chin

It can also occur on the neck and forearms. The skin discoloration doesn't do any physical harm, but you may feel self-conscious about the way it looks.

Causes of Melasma

It isn’t totally clear what causes melasma. Darker skinned individuals are more at risk than fair skinned individuals. Estrogen and progesterone sensitivity are also associated with the condition. This means birth control pills, pregnancy, and hormone therapy can all trigger melasma. Stress and thyroid disease have also been postulated to be causes of melasma. Sun exposure can also cause melasma because the ultraviolet rays affect the cells that control pigment (melanocytes).

Treatment-

Swastik Clinic offers a range of safe and effective treatments:

The treatment of melasma has advanced significantly in the recent years. We at Swastik, treat melasma with chemical peel treatment, skin lightening treatment, and laser treatment depending on the severity of their condition.

Precaution to be taken for Pigmentation:-

To avoid further hyperpigmentation, wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor of 30 or higher. This is your best defense to protect your skin from the ultraviolet rays that will stimulate it to produce more pigment.

ACNE


Acne is a common skin disease characterized by pimples on the face, chest, and back. It occurs when the pores of the skin become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria.

Acne is a skin disease that involves the oil glands at the base of hair follicles. It commonly occurs during puberty, it is not that dangerous but can leave skin scars

Types of pimples include whiteheads, blackheads, papules, pustules, nobules, cysts. Approximately three-quarters of 11 to 30 year-olds will get acne at some time.It can affect people of all races and all ages.

Experts believe the primary cause is a rise in androgen levels (hormone). A susceptibility to acne could also be genetic.It can be affected by the menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, oil based makeup, greasy hair and pimple squeezing

Causes:-

1.Heredity

2.Heredity oily skin or hair

3.An increased production of male hormones at puberty

4.A hormonal imbalance in women

5.Some prescription medications

6.Cosmetics that contain chemicals and vegetable oil

7.Possibly some nutritional deficiencies

8.Periods of high stress

Treatment:-

We offer a range of following acne treatments at Swastik clinic, depending on how severe and persistent Acne is :

1.Micro dermabrasion treatment

2.IPL treatment

3.Salicylic peel

4.Glycolic peel

5.Acne Facial

Steps to treat your acne and acne-prone skin care routine:

1.Wash you face twice or thrice(not any more) with a good face wash that contains salicylic acid. Try clean and clear facewash.

2.Apply an anti-acne toner .Try neutorgena deep clean blackheads removing toner

3.Apply a face lotion (not cream) which contains salicylic acid. Try clean and clear anti-pimple lotion .

This is a CTM (cleansing-toning-moisturizing)routine,do this twice a day. This will prevent pimples

ACNE SCARS


Acne scars are usually the result of inflamed blemishes caused by skin pores engorged with excess oil, dead skin cells and bacteria. The
pore swells, causing a break in the follicle wall.Acne scarring is the direct result of deep trauma to the skin related to acne. External factors, such as picking, can traumatize even small acne lesions and result in scarring. Acne scars manifest as areas of pitted or raised skin and can occur on the face or body. Not to be confused with post acne erythema (redness) or hyperpigmentation (brown spots) which are flat, temporary changes related to inflammation that tend to resolve over time, acne scarring changes the overall texture of the skin and does not always improve with time.

Cause of Acne Scarring: Acne scars

Acne scars are most often the product of an inflamed lesion, such as a papule, pustule, or cyst. Inflamed blemishes occur when the follicle, or pore, becomes engorged with excess oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria.

The pore swells, causing a break in the follicle wall. If the rupture occurs near the skin's surface, the lesion is usually minor and heals quickly. More serious lesions arise when there is a deep break in the follicle wall. The infected material spills out into the dermis and destroys healthy skin tissue.

To repair the damage done to the dermis, the skin forms new collagen fibers. Collagen is the fibrous protein that gives the skin its strength and flexibility. Unfortunately, the finished "repair job" never looks as smooth and flawless as before the injury.

Treatment we offer at Swastik -

1. Fractional RF treatment

2. MesoPen therapy

3. Micro Dermabrasion treatment

Precaution:-

1.Try not to squeeze, scratch, pick, or rub the pimples. Although it is tempting to do so can lead to scarring and skin infections.

2.Avoid wearing headbands, baseball caps and other hats tighter.

3.Avoid touching your face with your hands or fingers.

4.Avoid greasy cosmetics or creams. Remove your makeup at night. The non-comedogenic products have been tested and are proven to not clog pores or cause acne.

5.If these steps do not clear up the blemishes, try over acne medication prescription. These products are applied directly to the skin.

DARK CIRCLES


Harsh sun exposure, tiring work lives and stress can take a heavy toll on our bodies. This stress reflects most in our facial skin and often can result in deep bags, and dark circles under the eyes. Dark circles under the eyes give your face a sunken and tired look and can add several years to your age if left untreated. Dark circle treatment can succeed in lightening the skin under the eyes, reducing the puffiness, and smoothening out the skin.

Causes of Under Eye Dark Circles

Dark circles have a variety of different causes. And despite what some people think, fatigue isn’t one of them. Besides alcohol and lack ofsleep, illnesses also cause these circles to appear. The combination of a fair complexion and thin skin if often the culprit.

Some of the more common causes of dark circles under the eyes include:

1.Smoking

2.Hyperpigmentation caused by sun damage

3.Caffeine consumption

4.Alcohol consumption

5.Sleep deprivation

6.Dehydration

7.Dietary deficiencies

8.Iron deficiency can prevent the blood from carrying sufficient oxygen to eye tissues

9.Minor trauma that causes the appearance of a black eye

10.Crying

11.Lifestyle

12.Fluid retention

13.Excessive exposure to the sun

14.Age

15.Access salt in the diet

Treatment:-

Before undergoing dark circles treatment, it is important to know exactly what is causing the dark circles. Treatment for dark circles caused by allergies will be different from a dark circles treatment .

In some cases, a combination of treatments may be appropriate, especially if there are multiple factors causing your dark circles.

Precaution:-

1.Get enough rest. Sleep deprivation only makes dark eye circles more obvious.

2.A gently applied black tea bag or cold compress can reduce blood vessel dilation.

3.To decrease pigmentation, protect against the sun by wearing (large) sunglasses.

4.Slight elevation of the head during sleep will help prevent fluids from draining toward the eyes.

5.Refrain from smoking. If you already smoke, quit now.

6.Nasal decongestants, such as saline spray or a saltwater solution, can help prevent blood vessel dilation.

7.Don't rub the area around the eyes; it will only make the condition worse.

ANTI-AGING


Aging is an inexorable process that cannot be stopped. But whether you look your age or ten years younger is something on which you do exercise control on. The skin starts showing signs of ageing from 25-30 years. These changes get more pronounced after 30-35 years of age. The first sign of ageing is change in texture and hydration level of the skin. The skin gets drier, patchy and the skin radiance reduces. We feel that we are looking dull, darker and are not glowing the way we used to! By 35 years of age fine lines start developing around the eyes called crow's feet. By 40 frown lines, forehead wrinkles set in. By 50-60 years the laugh lines get deeper and neck wrinkles appear and skin laxity sets in. Some people develop age spots patchy skin and pigmentation. The good news is that ageing can be retarded, prevented and reversed.

There are variety of anti-ageing face and body therapies. As per the grade of skin laxity, wrinkles and other indications the right therapies are chosen. A right choice and combination of modalities like Lasers and other new world technologies help to deliver extremely gratifying results to the patients. The various anti-aging therapy offered at Swastik , skin peels, non ablative radiofrequency, electroporation, fractional laser, mesotherapy and last but not the least we have launched a new advanced machine HIFU which gives much better results than Botox and Fillers

HIFU (High-intensity focused ultrasound)

HIFU could be a safe, effective, and noninvasive procedure that can be used to improve facial wrinkles and skin laxity in Asian skin. It is particularly effective for clinical improvement in the jawline, cheek, and perioral areas

The key advantages of this treatment are:

1.Stimulates natural collagen production

2.No cuts to the skin

3.No recovery time

4.Noticeable results

5.Once per year treatment

One session of HIFU will deliver visible effects in lifting and tightening. It will also create new collagen which will help your skin maintain its youthful glow.Individually it targets brow, jowl and neck lifting, as well as overall skin tightening and rejuvenation. You will see a noticeable improvement in facial contouring, fine lines and wrinkles.

Results may vary from person to person

SKIN LIGHTENING


Skin whitening is the practice of using substances, mixtures, or physical treatments to lighten skin color. Skin whitening treatments work by reducing the content of melanin of the skin.Many agents have been shown to be effective in skin whitening; some have beneficial side effects (e.g.: are antioxidants, nutrients, or decrease the risk of some types of cancer); some are a significant risk to health.

Treatment:-

Skin whitening agents work by reducing the presence of melanin in the skin. To accomplish this, we at Swastik offer several methods such as -

1.Skin Lightening Electroporation Therapy-

It is a non invasive modality to penetrate actives like Arbutin,Kojic acid,Vit C etc deeper into the skin.It helps in skin lightening and brightening and leaves you with a radiant skin.

2.Diamond Microdermabrasion or Diamond Skin Polishing

It is a technique in which the skin is polished with soft diamonds fixed on tips that electronically move on the skin.This is useful in removing dead cells, tanning softening wrinkles, scars, and overall improves glow and complexion of the skin. The removal of this outer layer causes stimulation of new cell production in the underlying layers to renew the surface layer. This is a very gentle treatment which does not cause    any damage, resulting in a fresh radiant appearance along with improved texture of skin and reduction of fine lines and wrinkles. The    diamond MDB is a new development worldwide that makes the skin look younger and clearer along with adding softness and glow to it.

3.Hydrating Electroporation Therapy

It is a non invasive modality to penetrate actives like Hyaluronic acid,Vit E,oligo peptides and other youth extracts deeper into the skin.It helps in deep hydration,Skin toning and firming.

4. Lightening Citrus C Face Therapy

Vitamin C has antioxidant properties and is excellent in protecting skin from damage caused by sun rays. Lightening Citrus C Face Therapy specifically aims at utilizing these benefits to reverse signs of aging, fight against photodamage caused by harsh sun rays and stimulate healthy collagen production to promote elasticity and toning up of facial skin.

5. Insta Glow Party Polish

It is instant lightening Polish for all skin types especially for very sensitive skin.It helps in dark circles,tanning and improving clarity.

SKIN TAG

Skin tag is a small (benign) tag of skin which may have a peduncle (stalk) - they look like a small piece of soft, hanging skin. Obesity and diabetes may increase the risk of skin tags developing. .Some people are more susceptible to skin tags than others. It commonly occur in creases or folds of the skin.

Skin tags can appear on any part of the surface of the body (skin), but most occur in areas where skin may rub against skin or clothing, such as:-

Eyelids

Axillae (armpits)

Under the breasts

Groin

Upper chest

Neck (papilloma colli)

Causes

Skin tags are very common and generally occur after midlife. They are said to be caused by bunches of collagen and blood vessels which are trapped inside thicker bits of skin. They are believed to be the result of skin rubbing against skin. That is why they are generally found in skin creases and folds.

Treatment:-

We at Swastik, remove Skin Tag in any of these ways:-

1.Cutting it off

2.Freezing it with liquid nitrogen

3.Burning it off

Prevent Skin Tags from forming

1.Improve your health and lose weight

2.Dont wear tight clothing

3.Apply a medicated friction reducing powder.